Eumir Deodato de Almeida (Brazilian Portuguese: ; born 22 June 1942) is a Brazilian pianist, composer, arranger, and record producer, primarily in jazz but who has been known for his eclectic melding of genres, such as pop, rock, disco, rhythm and blues, classical, Latin and bossa nova.

Deodato has been nominated for three Grammy Awards, winning the 1974 Grammy Award for Best Pop Instrumental Performance for “Also Sprach Zarathustra (2001)”. His more than 500 works as a producer and arranger include Kool & the Gang’s hits “Celebration”, “Ladies’ Night”, and “Too Hot”.

Deodato began his musical life on accordion when he was 12 years old, then piano two years later. He studied orchestration, conducting, and arranging. He played bossa nova in bands with Durval Ferreira and Roberto Menescal, then formed his own band with Menescal in 1962.

Deodato often plays the Fender Rhodes electric piano. He became successful as a keyboard player in the 1970s. Since then, he has produced and arranged music on more than 500 albums for artists such as Kool and the Gang, Con Funk Shun, Björk, Christophe, and k.d. lang. Guitarist John Tropea and flautist Hubert Laws appeared on his early albums.

Prelude, his first album in the U.S., was released in 1973. This album was crossover music style that attracted a large audience and was produced by Creed Taylor for his label, CTI. The album sold five million copies and earned Deodato the 1974 Grammy Award for Best Pop Instrumental Performance for the track Also Sprach Zarathustra (2001), as well as a Grammy nomination for Best New Artist.

His second album, Deodato 2, reached number 19 on the Billboard album chart, while the single “Rhapsody in Blue” reached No. 41 on the Billboard Hot 100 in 1973. His interpretation of Pavane pour une infante défunte (“Pavane for a Dead Princess”) by Maurice Ravel was used in the 1970s by an Australian television station as background music.

In 1978 he had an orchestral hit with Whistle Bump from the LP called Love Island. The track promoted the popular use of whistles in night clubs at the time. However, his popularity in the discos was confirmed when he released the 1979 single “Night Cruiser”, from the album of the same name which earned him a third Grammy nomination, for Best R&B Instrumental Performance. Deodato continued recording through the 1980s. In 1985, he had two hits, “S.O.S., Fire in the Sky” and “Are You For Real”, on the Billboard magazine Top 20 Dance chart.

He recorded Live in Rio in 2007. In 2011, he released the album The Crossing, which he produced with Lino Nicolosi and Pino Nicolosi at Nicolosi Productions, with guest vocalist Al Jarreau.

Since the 1960s, Deodato has been in demand as a producer and arranger. He has worked on more than 500 albums, and fifteen have reached platinum status as defined by the RIAA.

In the early 1960s, he worked as a freelance arranger for Odeon Records. He wrote arrangements for Wilson Simonal, Marcos Valle, and for his debut album, Inútil Paisagem (1964), which was dedicated to the work of Antônio Carlos Jobim and recorded in Rio when Deodato was twenty-two. Jobim praised him in the album’s liner notes. Deodato played piano alongside guitarists Oscar Castro-Neves and Roberto Menescal. He has been credited for helping to start the career of Milton Nascimento. He was part of a committee tasked with choosing songs for a festival, and Deodato chose three by Nascimento.

He moved to New York City in 1967 to work with guitarist Luiz Bonfá and vocalist Astrud Gilberto. He met record producer Creed Taylor, who hired him to write arrangements for musicians at CTI Records. This included Tony Bennett, Frank Sinatra and Paul Desmond. Deodato worked with Joao Donato (1970), Youg, Holt Unlimited (1973) and Luiz Bonfá (1973) also. He had other collaborations including producing Kool and the Gang from late 70s to early 80s, the first solo album by Kevin Rowland of Dexys Midnight Runners in 1988, and arranging Bjork’s albums Post, Telegram and Homogenic. For his Love Island album, Deodato co-wrote the song “Tahiti Hut” with Maurice White. “Tahiti Hut”, with lyrics written for it afterwards, was recorded by the band Switch with guest vocals by Jermaine Jackson.

Deodato wrote scores for the films The Gentle Rain (1966), The Black Pearl (1977), The Onion Field (1979) and Bossa Nova (2000).

His daughter, Kennya Deodato (b.1968), is married to actor Stephen Baldwin. His granddaughter, Hailey Baldwin, is married to Canadian singer Justin Bieber.

With Luiz Bonfa

With Astrud Gilberto

With Antonio Carlos Jobim

With Kool & the Gang

With Ithamara Koorax

With Roberto Menescal

With Milton Nascimento

With Brenda K. Starr

With Stanley Turrentine

With Marcos Valle

With others